A research study examining the increase and preservation of Saudi Arabian water supply is being conducted by King Saud University's Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz Research International Prize for Water (PSIPW) Research Chair, guided by research director Dr. Abdulmalek Al-Sheikh.
The study’s primary objectives are to adopt the most effective means of water storage in and around the Kingdom’s cities, villages and particularly agricultural areas and to reduce the risk of flooding. through the establishment of artificial walls that will collect flood water flowing in the valleys.
After studying the climatic, topographic, hydro-geological situation and the environment in a region, concrete dams -- 900 meters long by 100 meters wide, and nine meters deep – to help channel and collect the flood waters flowing through the valleys. The wells create small-scale, low-cost waterways to harvest and store large quantities of water for agricultural projects and human consumption.
Dr. Al-Shaikh said the research proposal is being conducted in three stages: the testing of quantitative and qualitative to develop potential methods of collecting rainwater and the study, evaluation and comparison of test results. Finally, the latter data would be used in establishing recommendation of the best methods of water harvest and storage – as well as the most effective means of reducing water waste – in the Kingdom’s various regions.