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Multi-objective optimization of oblique turning operations while machining AISI H13 tool steel has been carried out using developed finite element (FE) model and multi-objective genetic algorithm (MOGA-II). The turning operation is optimized in terms of cutting force and temperature with constraints on required material removal rate and cutting power. The developed
FE model is capable to simulate cutting forces, temperature and stress distributions, and chip morphology. The tool is modeled as a rigid body, whereas the workpiece is considered as elastic–thermoplastic with strain rate sensitivity and thermal softening effect. The effects of cutting speed, feed rate, rake angle, and inclination angle are modeled and compared with experimental findings. FE model is run with different parameters with central composite design used to develop a response surface model (RSM). The developed RSM is used as a solver for the MOGA-II. The optimal processing parameters are validated using FE model and experiments.